Selecting the Greatest VTX (Video Transmitter) for FPV Drones – The Final Newbie Information


The Video Transmitter (VTX) is a vital element of the FPV system, wirelessly transmitting digicam photographs to FPV goggles. When choosing a 5.8GHz VTX, think about compact measurement, options, channel assist, and correct transmitting frequency, along with lengthy vary and excessive output energy, to make sure optimum flight efficiency and minimal interference for fellow pilots. By understanding these key components, you’ll be higher outfitted to decide on the optimum 5.8GHz VTX to your FPV drone and luxuriate in a extra immersive and satisfying flying expertise.

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Analog vs Digital FPV Techniques

FPV techniques might be categorized into two sorts: analog and digital.

Analog tools shouldn’t be appropriate with digital FPV gear. Presently, there are three digital FPV techniques: DJI, Walksnail, and HDZero. Cameras and VTXs designed for a selected digital FPV system are additionally incompatible with different digital FPV techniques. In the event you’re not sure about which FPV system to decide on, right here’s my evaluation explaining the professionals and cons of every system:

VTX Suggestions

On this part, I’ll suggest one of the best VTX for every FPV system for various functions.



Greatest All-Round VTX

Nice for Micro

Walksnail Avatar HD VTX V2 Walksnail Avatar 1S Lite VTX
Walksnail Avatar Hd Pro V2 Kit Vtx Solder Pads Connector Walksnail Avatar Hd Mini 1s Lite Vtx Top

The Walksnail Avatar HD V2 VTX gives enhanced options similar to 32GB storage for onboard 1080p recording, Gyroflow assist for picture stabilization, a grounded heatsink to cut back GPS interference, and extra 20x20mm mounting choices for larger body compatibility. Numerous appropriate cameras can be found relying in your preferences for picture high quality, low gentle efficiency, or weight discount.

As a budget-friendly various to DJI techniques, Walksnail’s V2 VTX does have some drawbacks, similar to the shortage of an SD card slot for storage enlargement and 4K recording, and a single antenna design that would influence vary and penetration efficiency. 

The Walksnail Avatar HD Mini 1S Lite VTX, best for micro drones similar to Tiny Whoops, boasts a compact design and weighs simply 8.7 grams along with the Lite nano digicam. It gives 720p and 1080p HD FPV capabilities, together with 8GB of onboard storage for video recording.

Nonetheless, the Mini 1S Lite VTX requires an enter voltage between 3.1V and 5V, so it might probably both be powered immediately from a 1S LiPo battery or a 5V 2A BEC if you’re utilizing 2S batteries. Make sure the 5V BEC can provide sufficient present for optimum efficiency.

Get the Walksnail VTX V2 from:


Product Pages:



Greatest VTX for Freestyle and Lengthy Vary

HDZero Freestyle V2
Hdzero Freestyle V2 Video Transmitter Vtx Connectors

The HDZero Freestyle V2 VTX gives one of the best vary and penetration for the HDZero techniques, because of its 1W transmit energy. Excellent for aggressive freestyle and long-range flights, it options large heatsinks on each side for bodily safety and cooling.

Out of the field, it helps 25mW/200mW, however with a HAM radio license, it may be unlocked as much as 1W utilizing particular firmware. The VTX weighs 22.3g and helps 2S-6S batteries direct energy, with SmartAudio and MSP Canvas Mode compatibility.

Discover the HDZero 1W Freestyle V2 VTX from these distributors


Gentle Weight Choice

Greatest VTX for Micro Drones

HDZero Race V2 VTX HDZero Whoop Lite
Hdzero Race V2 Vtx Video Transmitter Close Up Pcb Top Walksnail Avatar Hd Mini 1s Lite Vtx Installed In Tiny Whoop Betafpv

The HDZero Race V2 VTX is designed for racing, that includes a compact and light-weight design that matches on 20x20mm M3 mounting. It helps SmartAudio, permitting VTX settings adjustments from Betaflight OSD and OpenTX/EdgeTX radios. The U.FL connector might be secured with a zipper tie to forestall antenna detachment throughout crashes, and it has a built-in TVS diode for energy safety.

Nonetheless, its 200mW output energy is modest and is probably not best for long-range flights. This limitation shouldn’t be vital for racing occasions, as most limit output energy to 25mW.

The HDZero Whoop Lite VTX is the smallest and lightest VTX within the HDZero system, designed particularly for micro FPV drones like tiny whoops. Versatile with 1S to 3S energy assist, it may be powered immediately from most micro drone batteries. It additionally options SmartAudio for altering VTX settings in Betaflight OSD.

When paired with the HDZero Nano Lite Digital camera (1.5g) and a 0.4g dipole antenna, this combo creates the world’s lightest digital FPV resolution, weighing beneath 7g in complete.

Product Pages:


Get the HDZero Whoop Lite from:



First rate Worth VTX

Most Versatile Premium VTX

Rush Tank Final Plus TBS Unify Pro32 HV

The 800mW excessive transmit energy VTX is a dependable selection for analog, putting stability between efficiency and value.

The Rush Final Plus is good for builds with restricted area for an additional board within the FC stack. Nonetheless it additionally features a 30.5×30.5mm adapter for set up on high of your FC if wanted.

The built-in microphone is a bonus, permitting you to listen to the motors and beeper by means of your FPV goggles audio output.

The TBS Unify Pro32 HV is a flexible premium VTX recognized for its correct output energy ranges, clear sign transmission, top quality, and reliability. With as much as 1000mW output energy in a compact package deal, it’s good for lengthy vary, racing, or informal freestyle.

The VTX additionally helps TBS Crossfire techniques, permitting customers to vary channels and energy ranges by means of the Crossfire receiver. This function is very helpful for pilots and not using a flight controller or Betaflight OSD, like these flying fixed-wing plane.

Discover the Rush Tank Final Plus from:


Get the TBS Unify Pro32 HV from these vendros:


Greatest Lengthy Vary

Least expensive Value Having

Rush Tank MAX SOLO (2.5W) / SOLO (1.6W) Flywoo GOKU HM600
Flywoo Goku Hm600 Vtx 600mw Video Transmitter

For long-range pilots, the RushFPV Tank Solo gives essentially the most highly effective VTX choices obtainable within the FPV trade.

There are two variations, SOLO with as much as 1.6W output energy and the MAX SOLO with as much as 2.5W. Each VTX’s are enclosed in large CNC aluminium heatsink, which helps preserve most output energy and prevents efficiency loss attributable to overheating. The SOLO is fan-less which suggests it’s lighter and extra compact in comparison with the MAX SOLO.

The GOKU HM600 is a wonderful finances VTX choice for reasonably priced builds. Priced at simply $19.99, this compact VTX is full of options that rival dearer choices.

It gives a number of mounting patterns, together with 20x20mm, 25.5×25.5mm, and 30x30mm, accommodates a large enter voltage from 2S to 6S, helps 5 bands, and might output as much as 600mW. Its light-weight and compact design makes set up a breeze.

Get the Rush SOLO 1.6W right here:


Get the Rush MAX SOLO 2.5W right here:


Get the GOKU HM600 VTX right here:


Price range Smallest

Premium Smallest

Happymodel ELRS Fyujon AIO Board TBS Unify Pro32 Nano
Happymodel Elrs Fyujon Aio Board Vtx Video Transmitter Expresslrs Receiver 5.8ghz 2.4ghz

The Happymodel ELRS Fyujon AIO Board is an reasonably priced, compact 300mW VTX designed for micro drones. With 25.5×25.5mm, 20x20mm, and 16x16mm mounting choices obtainable, it gives nice compatibility.

Priced at simply $21, it contains each a VTX and an ExpressLRS 2.4GHz receiver, with your complete combo weighing a mere 3g. This all-in-one resolution is ideal for tiny drones that lack a built-in VTX and RX within the flight controller.

The TBS Unify Pro32 Nano is the last word selection for micro quads and Tiny Whoops in case you’re in search of the smallest and strongest VTX. It holds the title for essentially the most compact video transmitter in the marketplace, measuring simply 15x13x2mm and weighing a mere 1 gram.

Regardless of its tiny measurement, the Pro32 Nano can ship a formidable output energy of as much as 500mW. Conveniently, it may be powered immediately from a 2S or 3S LiPo battery, making it a really perfect choice when there’s no 5V supply obtainable.

Discover the Happymodel ELRS Fyujon AIO Board right here:




Picture High quality

Though VTX costs can differ considerably, picture high quality is generally decided by your FPV digicam, not the VTX. Paying a premium for a high-end VTX received’t dramatically enhance picture high quality typically. Nonetheless, choosing a VTX with wonderful options and dependable sign high quality can improve your general flying expertise.

Sign High quality

The primary components that contribute to FPV sign high quality and vary are the standard and placement of the antennas and the VTX’s accuracy in transmitting on the meant frequency.

Larger-end analog VTXs supply extra correct transmit frequencies and cleaner indicators that intervene much less to the neighbouring channels. Antennas needs to be designed and tuned for a selected frequency vary.

Some digital VTXs supply twin antennas (range), permitting you to mount them at a 90-degree angle to enhance sign high quality no matter your plane’s perspective throughout flight.

Runcam Falcon Nano Fpv Camera Dji Fpv System Air Unit

You possibly can be taught extra in regards to the optimum antenna placement on this publish:

Antenna Connector

Most VTXs include antennas you’ll be able to merely plug in. Nonetheless, if you wish to improve or exchange them, it’s essential to know the connector sort your VTX comes with.

VTXs have varied connectors, with the most well-liked sorts being SMA, RP-SMA, IPEX (aka UFL), and MMCX.


Video transmitter connectors

SMA and RP-SMA are the oldest connector utilized in FPV gear. They’re comparatively giant and threaded connector. There are two varieties, SMA and RP-SMA, be sure you match the connector sort with the suitable antenna.

You need to use SMA to RP-SMA converters and adapter cables for incompatible connectors, however remember that there’s a small efficiency penalty for every adapter used. Typically a number of % of sign loss, it’s not a lot.


IPEX or U.FL connectors are standard for smaller VTXs attributable to their low profile design in comparison with SMA connectors. Nonetheless, they put on out extra shortly because of the a lot decrease mating cycles. You possibly can join a U.FL to SMA pigtail to the VTX or use an antenna with a U.FL connector. This connector is smaller than SMA connectors and is press-fit into place, making it susceptible to coming unfastened in crashes, subsequently manufactures have a tendency to make use of glue or retention to safe it in place.


MMCX strikes a stability between the delicate U.FL and hulking SMA connectors. As a more moderen connector sort, it’s a press-fit connector however a lot sturdier than UFL, making it much less prone to come out throughout a crash. MMCX additionally has the next mating cycle rely than UFL. This design balances the tradeoffs between SMA’s sturdiness and U.FL’s measurement and weight. Nonetheless, discovering an MMCX antenna might be difficult because it’s not but as widespread as the opposite two connectors.

Powering VTX

Fashionable video transmitters (VTX) usually assist a variety of enter voltages, permitting you to energy them immediately out of your drone’s battery (e.g., 4S and even 6S LiPo). Nonetheless, a preferred strategy is to energy the VTX utilizing a voltage regulator on the flight controller, generally generally known as a BEC (Battery Elimination Circuit).

Not solely does a BEC convert larger voltage to a decrease one, however it additionally acts as a filter to your VTX’s energy provide. Drone batteries might be extremely noisy energy sources because of the noise generated by the ESC and motors. Nowadays, most flight controllers come outfitted with onboard BEC particularly designed to energy VTXs. They supply 8V, 9V, 10V, or 12V voltage output and have wonderful filtering circuitry to reduce voltage spikes and electrical noise out of your energy system.

Walksnail Avatar Digital Hd Fpv System Air Unit Vtx Flight Controller Fc Wiring Connection Uart Tx Rx Diagram

For instance, the Speedybee F405 V3 FC has a devoted 9V BEC for powering video transmitters.

One other important issue to think about when powering your VTX from a BEC (or any voltage regulator) is guaranteeing it might probably provide the required present for the VTX to operate accurately. Producers don’t at all times embody amp draw of their specs, which is why it’s useful to take a look at my opinions as I at all times attempt to present data like this. An underpowered VTX would possibly end in decreased vary or instability, affecting your general FPV expertise.

In the event you select to energy your VTX immediately from the battery, make sure that it has correct energy filtering to forestall noise and features in your movies. A well-liked filtering technique is utilizing an LC filter or just including a low ESR capacitor on the energy enter.

Output Energy

The ability output of a video transmitter determines the quantity of vitality radiated by means of it. VTX output energy is measured in milliwatts (mW) or decibels milliwatts (dBm). Most VTXs have adjustable output energy, offering flexibility relying in your flying setting and preferences.

Larger Energy for Prolonged Vary

Typically, extra energy means extra vary; nonetheless, this comes with some downsides, similar to elevated warmth within the VTX and potential interference for different pilots. Moreover, every nation could have totally different authorized limits on the utmost output energy you might be allowed to transmit.

Usually, 25mW is great for indoor flying and flying with others, providing enough vary for many racing tracks. Then again, pilots have a tendency to make use of larger output energy when flying outside for a extra dependable hyperlink and to fly additional. Needless to say growing output energy leads to diminishing returns in vary enchancment, because it takes 4 occasions the facility to double the vary. Discover ways to calculate vary on this tutorial:

Downsides of Excessive Output Energy

Larger output energy additionally generates extra warmth, which may trigger VTXs to overheat, impacting efficiency and even shutting down mid-flight in excessive instances. Excessive energy isn’t at all times best in environments with vital multipath interference, similar to garages and stadiums, the place indicators can bounce off concrete or steel surfaces. In these conditions, it is smart to make use of a decrease output energy.

When flying with a bunch, it’s greatest to keep away from high-power VTXs, as they will bleed into different pilots’ video feeds, making it troublesome to fly collectively. Most racing occasions require pilots to run 25mW VTXs.

Antennas: Equally or Extra Vital

Along with your VTX’s output energy, the antennas in your transmitter and FPV goggles or receiver considerably influence your vary and sign high quality. With an optimum antenna setup, 25mW has been confirmed to have the ability to obtain over 5km of vary, whereas 400mW ought to have the ability to deal with 4 occasions of that (over 20km) in best situations. Many components, similar to interference, antenna alignment and placement, can influence your most vary too. To be taught extra about FPV antennas, try this tutorial:

Understanding VTX Channels

5.8ghz Fpv Channels Chart Diagram Frequency Analog Digital Dji Avatar Hdzero 12 2022

VTX channels are preset frequencies you need to use to broadcast your video again to the video receiver. To ascertain a connection, choose the identical channel on each the video transmitter and video receiver. 5.8GHz (5800MHz) is the popular frequency band for FPV as a result of it’s authorized in lots of nations, and the antennas might be made fairly small.

Within the analog system, there are 5 bands: A, B, E, F (Fatshark), and R (Raceband), with eight channels per band. This offers you a complete of 40 channels to select from. Whereas these are the commonest bands, there are others, however not all frequencies are authorized to make use of. Nonetheless, some channels overlap between totally different bands, so you’ll be able to’t have 40 individuals flying concurrently. Actually, it’s fairly a problem to have simply 8 individuals flying on the similar time. To maximise the variety of pilots within the air with out interference, it’s key to make use of good high quality VTX that has clear sign, and guarantee to allocate channels with sufficient frequency separation.

For digital FPV techniques, channel administration is less complicated, as a result of there is only one band obtainable (solely 8 channels), and it’s simpler to handle. These channels fall inside the similar or comparable frequencies because the analog Raceband channels.

Walksnail Avatar Digital Hd Fpv System Goggles Screen Channel Select

That is Walksnail Avatar’s channel choice display contained in the FPV Goggles.

In the event you fly alone, you don’t want to fret about which VTX channel to make use of—simply decide any! Nonetheless, when flying with others, it’s important to allocate channels rigorously to reduce interference. To be taught extra about selecting the right FPV channel, try this publish:

Onboard Microphone

By having a microphone within the drone means that you can hearken to the motors, which some pilots argue makes them really feel extra linked to the drone, particularly when flying at distances the place the drone’s sound is now not audible. For extra particulars, go to:

Producers of digital FPV techniques typically don’t embody onboard microphones of their VTX designs. Nonetheless, some analog VTXs and FPV cameras have built-in microphones in case you want to incorporate this function in your FPV setup.

Key Issues for Analog VTX

Whereas analog video high quality pales compared to digital techniques, with its blurry, low-resolution, and noisy photographs, it stays standard attributable to its extensive availability, low price, compact measurement, and low latency. One other key benefit of analog techniques is their compatibility, permitting you to simply swap video transmitters from totally different manufacturers with each other.

Basically any analog VTX will suffice for learners, however when flying with others, it’s essential to have a high-quality one. Some low-quality, generic VTXs have “soiled” indicators that scatter past the really set channel into different frequencies, doubtlessly interfering with different pilots’ indicators.

Altering VTX Settings

There are a number of strategies to vary channels, bands, and energy settings in your VTX.

Virtually all VTXs lately include a push button for altering channels and adjusting different settings. Nonetheless, because of the single button and restricted standing indicators (LED lights), this process might be complicated and complex.

Essentially the most environment friendly technique for altering analog video transmitter settings is utilizing Betaflight OSD. In case your VTX helps SmartAudio or Tramp protocols, you’ll be able to observe this information to arrange VTX Management:


Pitmode is a vital function for many who race or typically fly with different pilots. It allows the output energy of your VTX to drop to an especially low stage (virtually zero) when your quad is powering on or has crashed. This manner, you’ll be able to change your VTX settings or retrieve your quad with out disrupting different pilots who would possibly nonetheless be within the air.

Connecting an Analog FPV Digital camera to a VTX

Wiring an analog video transmitter in your drone could differ relying on the parts concerned. At its most elementary, a VTX requires 3 connections: video enter, energy, and floor.

To attach the FPV digicam on to a VTX, join the sign wires and guarantee you’ve a working video receiver on the identical channel in your FPV goggles to obtain a picture. If the FPV digicam and VTX are powered from totally different sources, additionally join their floor wires.

A standard method to join a VTX is thru the flight controller if it has a built-in OSD chip. You’ll discover a video enter (Vin) on the flight controller to attach the digicam sign and a video output (Vout) on the flight controller to connect with the VTX.

Ensure you present the proper voltage to your VTX to keep away from damaging or under-powering it. You possibly can usually energy your VTX immediately out of your flight controller if it has a BEC (a built-in voltage regulator that provides both 5V, 9V, or 12V, and so on.). Most VTXs these days assist a variety of enter voltage, so that you would possibly have the ability to energy them immediately from a LiPo battery.

Greatest Practices Utilizing VTX

By no means Energy Up VTX with out an Antenna

At all times bear in mind to attach an antenna to your VTX earlier than powering it up. In the event you energy up your VTX with out an antenna, the vitality has nowhere to flee, inflicting warmth to construct up within the transmitter. Over time, this extra warmth can harm the VTX.

Easy methods to Keep away from Noisy Video

Motors and ESCs can generate a big quantity {of electrical} noise in your energy system, which may introduce noise into your video feed. In the event you energy your FPV gear (e.g., VTX and digicam) immediately from the battery, electrical noise could cause interference, leading to white strains or flickering throughout the display.

To troubleshoot and forestall these points, think about the next:

  1. Add further low ESR capacitors to cut back noise within the energy system in case you haven’t already. These capacitors may also help filter out {the electrical} noise created by the ESCs and motors, guaranteeing a cleaner video feed.
  2. Correctly handle your wiring, grounding, and energy distribution. Hold video sign and energy wires as far aside as potential, and use twisted or shielded cables to reduce interference.
  3. Use a devoted voltage regulator or an LC filter to your VTX and digicam. This may also help scale back noise and stabilize the facility provide, leading to a cleaner video feed.

For extra detailed data on the best way to repair FPV noise, please refer to those articles:

Keep away from Contact between VTX Antenna Floor and Body

Some drone frames function a gap within the carbon fibre that means that you can mount the SMA antenna connector on to the body. Nonetheless, this creates contact between the antenna floor and the carbon fibre body, which is conductive. If any stay wire touches the carbon fibre body, it might doubtlessly fry your VTX. Moreover, this contact could cause noise to back-feed into the system, resulting in a spread of points, together with VTX overheating attributable to elevated resistance.


In conclusion, understanding the ins and outs of video transmitters is essential for an optimum FPV expertise. This information has lined important facets of video transmitters, together with output energy concerns, channels and frequency, the best way to change VTX settings, and one of the best practices for correct use.

By following these pointers and suggestions, you can also make knowledgeable choices when selecting and organising your video transmitter for each informal {and professional} flying. In the end, mastering the usage of VTXs will guarantee a seamless and satisfying FPV expertise, permitting you to discover the skies with confidence and precision.

Edit Historical past

  • Apr 2016 – Article created
  • Apr 2017 – Article up to date, added “digital FPV system”, “sensible audio and telemetry function”, “10 bands, 80 channels”
  • March 2018 – Article up to date with data about antenna connectors, VTX Management, energy and sign connection
  • Oct 2019 – Up to date data about connection
  • Dec 2022 – Up to date part about output energy
  • Apr 2023 – Article revisited, added product suggestions, shortened URL
  • Mar 2024 – Up to date merchandise


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